Log in or register to follow or vote for this project.
TB describes an infectious disease that has plagued humans since the Neolithic times. Even though curative medicines are available, M. tuberculosis, the microbe causing TB continues to kill millions of people yearly worldwide. In 2010, about 1.4 million people died from TB. More than 90% of TB cases occur in developing nations. India alone accounts for 1/5 th of the global incidence burden with an annual incidence of 1.9 million. India now has the highest global burden of TB.
Around 41 million TB patients have been successfully treated in DOTS(Directly observed treatment under Supervision) programs and over 6 million lives saved.Further lives can be saved by proper implementation of the DOTS program primarily in developing countries which lack efficient monitoring systems and infrastructure to successfully run the program.
The Problem of Drug Resistance in TB
The emergence of resistance to drugs used to treat TB, and particularly MultiDrug Resistant TB(MDR-TB), has become a significant public health problem in many countries and an obstacle to effective TB control, and also threatening to make this disease once again an incurable one. In 2010, there was an estimated prevalence of 650,000 cases of MDR-TB. In 2008 it was estimated there were 150,000 MDR-TB deaths annually. Resistance levels are known to be high in areas with a ill performing DOTS programmes, use of inadequate regimens and ineffective directly observed treatment(DOT) coupled with poor patient compliance to the medications
This multidimensional SMS service will provide a integrated system for continuous monitoring and communication with patients and will be a portal for exchange of information for an online database. Regular SMS alerts regarding scheduled doses, along with information regarding drug adverse effects, help-lines and corresponding DOTS provider as well as schedules for next health check up and sputum test will be sent to the patient. It will also empower the DOTS provider by providing them, an easier mode of communication with the higher centers, the data and statistics as well as for timely drug supply. Eradication of TB lies in the hands of the two most important people in the dots program that is the patient itself and the dots provider. This service enhances their capacity to bring about the requisite change.