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Ward 12, which has an approximate population of 52,036 people, contains many of the 37,826 slum households in the city of Khulna, with an average of 4 to 5 people per household.The overall slum population density in Khulna is 132,988 people per square kilometer. This extreme crowding, in conjunction with poverty and the lack of access to education and health services in the region, leads to widespread disease. A major contributor to this rampant spread of disease is the inability to access clean water. In slums that have wells, an average of 11 to 20 households share a single, often unsanitary, water source. Meanwhile, residents of the slums in Khulna that have no water sources within the slum are often forced to travel long distances to collect water from rivers, streams or ponds, which can often be breeding grounds for bacteria. Many do not have any knowledge of basic sanitation practices, such as washing hands before eating and after defecating.
To address these health issues, we have developed a plan to repair the many broken wells and latrines that exist in Ward 12, renewing these resources and installing a program for their continued upkeep by trained community health workers, who will collect data on the status of the facilities through a mobile system with GIS tracking. These health workers will also teach seminars on hygiene, with the goal of raising awareness of the sources of waterborne disease and encouraging behavioral changes that will reduce exposure to these illnesses, such as wanshing hands before eating and after defecating.